My searh results:-
Taube = German -> dove = English
pigeon = French -> pigeon = English
dove: a bird with a thick body, short legs, and a beak enlarged at the tip. It is a small kind of pigeon that is not domesticated.
pigeon: any one of a group of birds with a plump body, short tail and short legs…There are numerous species, making up a family of birds. The smaller kinds are usually called doves.
a dove is usually white whereas a pigeon is grey (shades vary)
a dove is white (traditionally a symbol of peace) and a pigeon is grey/black/white and commonly found in cities
the word ‘dove’ are usually positive and those of the word ‘pigeon’ are usually negative. This is because the birds classified as doves rather than pigeons are usually prettier and have long been associated with love and peace. The birds classified as pigeons are nowadays generally considered to be a nuisance (except to people who like or actually keep them as pets!) and there are a few expressions including the word which also tend to have negative connotations, such as ‘pigeon-toed’, ‘pigeon-chested’, or even ‘pigeon-holed’
we see hundreds of doves daily. Most are grey/gray. Maybe one in fifty or so are white.
They are much smaller than pigeons.
In the southern US, pigeons are generally the birds you see/feed on town squares, plazas, and the like. They are usually well-fed. They look pretty much like doves to the casual observer.
Doves, on the other hand, hang out in the wild. A popular pastime (in season) is to go “dove-hunting", more as a test of one’ shooting ability than an attempt to bring home large amounts of food.
Growing up as a member of family of hunting enthusiasts, I ate plenty of quail, grouse, pheasant etc, but little dove, and never pigeon.
Dove ph.: 1.【鳥】野鴿,原鴿(= rock pigeon )
Pigeon v.: 1.(尤指賭博時)詐騙 n.: 1.【俚】傻瓜;易受騙的人 He was a pigeon, a victim of a confidence game. 他上當受騙了。2.(作為射擊目標的)土鴿飛靶 3.(食用的)鴿肉 4.鴿子 A pigeon was cooing up in one of the elms. 一隻鴿子在榆樹上咕咕地叫。
Have your own conclusion?